Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

  • Am 14 Nov 2019 veröffentlicht
  • Physics Girl is on Patreon! ►► www.patreon.com/physicsgirl
    There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
    Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
    Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
    Editor: Levi Butner
    Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
    Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
    Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
    1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
    2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
    3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
    4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
    5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
    6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
    7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
    ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
    nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
    Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
    Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
    Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
    Questions at CERN
    Creating Antihidrogen:
  • Wissenschaft & TechnikWissenschaft & Technik


  • Michael G
    Michael G Vor Stunde

    Chromatic Metal x25 + Condensed Carbon x20 = Antimatter x1 🤣

  • Railgap Esoterica
    Railgap Esoterica Vor 5 Stunden

    A friend of mine is an operator at FNAL. He ran the Tevatron until it shut down. And he once loaded the wrong software file and watched the beam current in the antimatter storage ring start dropping. He was called on the carpet of a room full of angry scientists the next morning...

  • Wren
    Wren Vor 6 Stunden

    When scientists lie to us it's a CON-CERN...
    Nah just making a joke, and yeah she does really need more friends, bless her heart

  • Camden Osborn
    Camden Osborn Vor 8 Stunden

    By saying “2700 trillion” do you mean “2.7 quadrillion”? If so why didn’t you just say 2.7 quadrillion?

  • QuestToBeTheBest
    QuestToBeTheBest Vor 10 Stunden

    Thats why we have space. All of the antimatter destroyed most of the matter but not all of it.

  • Canna Tellya
    Canna Tellya Vor 13 Stunden

    Nah...it doesn't matter!

  • mongopipes
    mongopipes Vor 14 Stunden

    You could make anything exciting!

  • anthony jenson
    anthony jenson Vor 17 Stunden

    So finally we will make a bomb with that....

  • Sanglun Neihsial
    Sanglun Neihsial Vor 23 Stunden

    Let them.not find anti"scisyhp lrig"cos i love Physics Girl, her talks so.. cute n her looks made happy😘

  • Andrew Craner
    Andrew Craner Vor Tag

    10:33 A laptop from 1893? Wow! Cool!

  • Richard Gates
    Richard Gates Vor Tag +4

    "rarest and potentially most dangerous on Earth, and scientists are..."
    playing around with it.

    • Railgap Esoterica
      Railgap Esoterica Vor 5 Stunden

      It would take extraordinary national scale efforts to make enough of the stuff to blow up a small lab. We'll be okay.

  • The Studio
    The Studio Vor Tag

    she's so excited about anti-matter. that's just how i felt when i first found caffeine free dr pepper

  • Medoo Vlog
    Medoo Vlog Vor Tag


  • Richy Rich
    Richy Rich Vor Tag

    The lady giving the tour sounds like elon musk in girl form.

  • Neelesh Kumar
    Neelesh Kumar Vor Tag

    I don't know how many of you noticed but physicsgirl looks alot like Judy Greer from Big Bang Theory's s03e21
    Do watch that episode.

  • Weebiest Katarina

    What if outside the observable universe is a mirror universe made of antimatter... and what if the big bang was the result of a collapsed matter and antimatter universe colliding... what if it will eventually happen again? What if I've been here, in this exact same spot, typing this exact same comment, except I was typing it in French and it was 37.4 billion years ago...

  • Sergio Giacomo Sammartano

    You should have come during the CERN Open Days!!! That was amazing!!!! :D

  • Rohit Duhan
    Rohit Duhan Vor Tag

    Such a long video and no Robert Langdon reference ?

  • Rohit Duhan
    Rohit Duhan Vor Tag

    That's simple isn't it? Why we don't have antimatter.
    That's because if there was, it would've reacted with the matter already to go poof.
    It's like which one we have more of, matter or antimatter.

    • Hilmar Zonneveld
      Hilmar Zonneveld Vor 7 Stunden

      Sure. The anthropic principle. But we would still like to know some more details.
      There might be lots of other universes (so far, this is just speculation, of course); with different physical constants. In this case, it's possible that in some of them, matter and antimatter annihilated completely; in others, perhaps there was TOO MUCH matter left (i.e., that might have somehow have caused problems for the development of life; though I am not sure how). IF that is the case - and once again, this is all very speculative - then we would, of course, be in one of the Universes which has just the right amount of matter.

  • Himanshu Oswal
    Himanshu Oswal Vor 2 Tage

    6:15 Did she just said Niggatron ?

  • Marciano Demidof
    Marciano Demidof Vor 2 Tage

    Or poof💣💥😊

  • nateross14
    nateross14 Vor 2 Tage

    It would be awesome if Antifa-matter and the left collided and annihilated each other.

  • oilfortheworld
    oilfortheworld Vor 2 Tage

    i look the Video from 4:35 with 0,25speed this is Funny :)

  • Video Game Show
    Video Game Show Vor 2 Tage

    This show is anti-show..

  • Nimaj Da Great
    Nimaj Da Great Vor 2 Tage

    It doesn't matter how much matter they find. All I know is that it doesn't matter.

  • Pradel Elien
    Pradel Elien Vor 2 Tage


  • Lone Wolf
    Lone Wolf Vor 2 Tage

    Our future will be safe making this kind destructive energy? I hope so. I love science but science has enemies too. If this antimatter got into wrong hands? plz i bag for the future generations and humanity. KEEP IT SAFE.

  • XSkillerX99
    XSkillerX99 Vor 2 Tage

    Wait, if annihilation occurs if anti matter touches any matter then wouldnt it be obvious why there is no readily available antimatter? Dust in space would Cause annihilation and if The anti matter gets too close to a planet simply touching the atmosphere would also cause annihilation meaning we can't Do anything with it so long as We Use matter for studying it

  • Konan Konan
    Konan Konan Vor 3 Tage

    +Physics Girl I think that woman is into physics girl . There is a spark isln her eyes

  • Bob Vasquez
    Bob Vasquez Vor 3 Tage

    If a nuclear plant has no power it becomes a danger. If CERN has no power cause by an NEMP or by some disaster will CERN be a danger.?

  • ThrustFrom Behind
    ThrustFrom Behind Vor 3 Tage +1

    Everybody: "We now have the same destructive power that the U.S once had to themselves"
    The U.S: *Watches this video*

  • ThrustFrom Behind
    ThrustFrom Behind Vor 3 Tage

    Antimatter: *Exists*

    Me: Matter killer >:)

  • FBI
    FBI Vor 3 Tage

    Great! Now I can buy it on Wish for $1

  • Dara Shikoh
    Dara Shikoh Vor 3 Tage

    I love your enthusiasm, its simply raw and pure :) Go Girl!

  • Numb9
    Numb9 Vor 3 Tage

    Everything you see is vibrating light bouncing off your eyes. Raise your vibration and edit the physical

  • Haim Ben Avraham
    Haim Ben Avraham Vor 3 Tage

    Why on Earth would they want to fool around with that ' stuff'?

    • Thaye
      Thaye Vor Tag

      Because it's exciting to explore the edges of our collective knowledge and try to expand them outwards.
      Also I am certain some countries or military-industrial corporations would be interested in discovering any potential practical applications of antimatter, unfortunately so.

  • Jerry Gundecker
    Jerry Gundecker Vor 3 Tage

    The most dangerous stuff on Earth is Republican politics.
    And it breaks the economy every time it takes effect, and jobs come only from McDonald's and Amazon warehouses. Poof!
    It's more expensive. Antimatter comes in second.

  • Bakdi Abderrahmane
    Bakdi Abderrahmane Vor 3 Tage

    what you people are made out of matter

  • THGraham
    THGraham Vor 3 Tage

    Hmm what if each sun we see was an anti matter explosion? Which is why we don’t see any anti matter, it already had its reaction with matter, we just see the result.

    • THGraham
      THGraham Vor Stunde

      Hilmar Zonneveld ah thanks, I took physics a few years ago and my interest has been peaked again and I’ve been hitting my books. Fascinating, I realize how ridiculous my question was.

    • Hilmar Zonneveld
      Hilmar Zonneveld Vor 7 Stunden +1

      _what if each sun we see was an anti matter explosion?_ - That would free the energy way too quickly - basically, all at once.
      Nuclear fusion - the process believed to power stars - occurs within a reasonable time frame - which may be millions, billions, or even trillions of years, depending on the mass of the star.

  • IMK
    IMK Vor 4 Tage

    I can pay any amount to buy this antimatter ... coz i have billions and trillions and quadrillions of Antidollar.... 😉

  • Tina Corbett
    Tina Corbett Vor 4 Tage

    Tell a 10 year old they can't do it.
    They'll do it.

  • dave mau
    dave mau Vor 4 Tage

    It's not dangerous but 1 spoon of it can compare to 10 nuke what a nice explanation

  • J W Harvey
    J W Harvey Vor 4 Tage

    In Dan Brown's book Angels and Demons, published May 2000 this whole subject was explained very well for the lay person. This means you are almost twenty years late with this information.

  • DysfunctionalDean
    DysfunctionalDean Vor 4 Tage

    I watched this and it was on 2,222.222 views... hello angel numbers 👋
    If you know, you know. 🙂

  • Fabricio Sasaki
    Fabricio Sasaki Vor 4 Tage +1

    Anti-protons cost $3 quadrillion and don't even have an Apple logo stamped on it.

  • John Kean
    John Kean Vor 4 Tage

    Can someone tell me why quarks are so quirky, leptons are so lousy and bosons are such bozos. Is it _because they don't exist_ only in Planck's ( _et al_ ) imagination 🤔 that's why bosons are so elusive because they're not real.

  • John Kean
    John Kean Vor 4 Tage

    Why is there never anyone around at CERN where are all the Scientists - they're supposed to be there searching for Higgs's Boson. They'll never find it in a million years especially if they don't turn up at the office: its like somebody opened the box and Schroedinger's cat wasn't inside to begin with 🤔 or when you search for them they all turn into waves and only return as particles if you stop looking for them 🤔

  • John Kean
    John Kean Vor 4 Tage

    Modern Science is like a Cream Puff: just as soon as you try to eat it it crumbles away into insignificance.

  • John Kean
    John Kean Vor 4 Tage +16

    Modern science is like a diet: you can see the Cake but you can't eat it.

  • John Kean
    John Kean Vor 4 Tage

    How come modern Scientists can convince Nobel Laureate Institute but not the general public 🤔

  • John Kean
    John Kean Vor 4 Tage

    Antimatter is like sleeping - its a dream ie Virtual. Like modern science: which is Philosophy.

  • Urahara451
    Urahara451 Vor 4 Tage

    Dianna is smart, funny, nerdy and gorgeous. Anyone know where I could find a girl like her lol?

  • John Kean
    John Kean Vor 4 Tage

    Why is modern science full of stuff you can"t see or CGI

  • Ger
    Ger Vor 4 Tage

    In the future China will mass produce anti matter, and them accidentally anihilate everything within a radius of a few hundred lightyears.

  • steve Taylor
    steve Taylor Vor 4 Tage

    It sounds like the age old question, are there unicorns? and find out how many dwarfs can ride on the back of the unicorn, have a great day

  • Fahd Abdul Rahman
    Fahd Abdul Rahman Vor 4 Tage

    CERN discovers antimatter
    CERN stocks and stock holders 😏

  • iChanne
    iChanne Vor 4 Tage

    they a holding aliens in those boxes...

  • Hannah Boswell
    Hannah Boswell Vor 4 Tage

    Off topic but I have a suspicion from the way she moves that this scientist in the zebra shirt might have EDS, she reminds me of myself and she is wearing the zebra stripes our mascot!

  • sheffooo Productions

    maybe we cant find antimatter cause is fillet with matter , who knows.universe has many surprises.

  • A Rasvan
    A Rasvan Vor 4 Tage

    but we would measure antimatter weight in anti-grams
    therefore, one GRAM of antimatter would cost -$2700 trillion